What is Meniere’s disease?
Meniere’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes severe dizziness (vertigo), ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and hearing loss.
Symptoms of Meniere’s Disease
- vertigo (attacks can last anywhere from a few minutes to 24 hours)
- loss of hearing in the affected ear
- tinnitus (a sensation of ringing) in the affected ear
- a feeling of fullness in the affected ear
- loss of balance
- nausea, vomiting, and sweating caused by severe vertigo
Meniere’s Disease Diagnosis
A hearing test is used to determine hearing loss. Headphones are used in this test and the person undergoing this test is exposed to sounds of varying pitches and volumes. Upon indication when a tone can be heard or not HAC’s experts can determine if the person is experiencing hearing loss.
Besides, hearing will also be tested to determine if one can tell the difference between similar sounds. In this portion of the test, one will hear words through the headphones which need to be repeated. The results of this test will help assess if the hearing problem is in one or both ears.
Hearing loss can be either caused by a problem in the inner ear or by a problem with the nerve in the ear. Electrocochleography (ECog) is a test done to measure the electrical activity in the inner ear. An auditory brainstem response (ABR) test checks the function of the hearing nerves and the hearing center in the brain. These tests will indicate if the problem is caused by your inner ear or with your ear nerve.
Balance tests are done to test the function of the inner ear. The balance test most commonly used to test for Meniere’s disease is electronystagmography (ENG).
In this test, electrodes are placed around the eyes to detect eye movement. This is because the balance response in the inner ear causes eye movements.
Vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) testing measures the sound sensitivity of the vestibular system of the inner ear.